Halo: Combat Evolved is a sci-fi first-person shooter developed by Bungie and published by Microsoft for the Xbox (as a launch title) on November 15, 2001.
A spiritual successor to the studio’s earlier Marathon series, Halo takes place in the far-future 2525 where humanity’s military force (the United Nations Space Command, or “UNSC”) is in the middle of an intergalactic war with an advanced collective of alien races (known as the Covenant). Players control Master Chief Petty Officer John-117 (more commonly known as the “Master Chief”), an advanced cybernetic super-soldier (and part of the UNSC’s secret SPARTAN program) who is sent out to investigate a mysterious ringworld while being pursued by the Covenant. He is aided by the crew of the starship Pillar of Autumn (namely its commanding officer Cpt. Jacob Keyes and AI construct Cortana).
Along with a single-player campaign (which can be played co-operatively with another player via split-screen), the game features an arena-based multiplayer component for up to four-players split-screen and for up to 16 players through its unique “System Link” setup (where four Xbox consoles are linked together in a local area network, with each console supporting four-player split-screen). Key features of this game includes a limited inventory system (where players can only carry two weapons at a time, and must swap with weapons on the ground) and regenerative shields (which charge over time). The game received numerous sequels and spin-offs throughout the years, mainly for the Xbox line of consoles.
The game also received a port to the PC (in conjunction with Gearbox) on September 30, 2003. This version traded split-screen multiplayer support with online multiplayer for up to 16 players. Along with a Mac release on December 3, 2003, Gearbox released a multiplayer-focused expansion (called Halo Custom Edition) allowing for custom user-created maps, mods, and other content.
The game later received an enhanced port by 343 Industries (in collaboration with Saber) for the Xbox 360. Published by Microsoft on November 15, 2011 as Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary, this port features updated high-definition graphics (which can be toggled on-the-fly using either a dedicated button and Kinect voice recognition), remastered sounds, Xbox Live co-operative multiplayer, bonus features (including using Kinect voice recognition to give in-combat directives and finding collectible “Skulls” that modify gameplay when active). Although the multiplayer part of Halo is not included, the port includes a restricted version of the multiplayer portion of Bungie’s Halo: Reach, featuring six remakes (created by Certain Affinity) of classic Halo maps. The campaign portion (alongside the original Multiplayer) was later included n the Halo: The Master Chief Collection compilation for the Xbox One.
Halo was a revolutionary first-person shooter in the controls department, inventing the concept of using the two analogue sticks to move and aim, while on the PC the player uses the keyboard and mouse. It differs from most others at the time in the damage system, where it has the standard health bar with eight bars which decrease when hit after the shields have failed (can be replenished with health packs). As opposed to picking up an “armor power up” the player always has shields which slowly take damage when hit like a secondary health bar, if hit enough they fail and health begins to decrease, and if the player keeps their head down long enough they recharge. Halo made this style of health regeneration popular within many games made today, and this reason is one of many of why Halo was so revolutionary. Along with popularizing health regeneration Halo also popularized restricting the player to only carrying two weapons at a time, simultaneously solving the problem of cycling through large numbers of weapons on a console pad and forcing developers to make every weapon “count”, as the pistol could no longer be a near-useless weapon of last resort, for example.
Power ups include over-shields, health packs, and active camo (invisibility).
Along with the main campaign (which can be done in single-player or two-player split-screen), the game includes PvP arena multiplayer. This mode supports four player locally (through split-screen) and up to 16 players via System Link (where players link up to four Xbox consoles in a local area network, each Xbox supporting four players through split-screen). Unlike other arena multiplayer games at the time, no bots are supported.
While the PC and Mac ports of the game removed split-screen multiplayer support, they added support for online multiplayer for up to 16 players through GameSpy. Shortly before the demise of GameSpy’s service in May 2014, Bungie released an official patch to keep the server list functionality online.
The base game included 13 maps of varying sizes, only two of which support vehicles. The PC and Mac ports of the game added six additional maps (all of which support vehicles) created by Gearbox.
All maps were later included in Halo: The Master Chief Collection.
The game includes five game modes (known as “gametypes”) built-in, all of which are customizable with numerous options (including weapon/vehicle restrictions, objectives, score limits, and respawn timers). After customizing, players can save these configuration as named gametype variants. The game also includes numerous variants built-in.
All built-in variants were later included in Halo: The Master Chief Collection.
Standard deathmatch in free-for-all or team scenarios.
By default, Slayer variants include an instant respawn timer (with a +10 second penalty for suicides). In addition, players who respawn move faster for a short time, and players who score a kill move slower for a short time (both as a temporary handicap for newer players). Warthogs are the only vehicles that spawn and cannot respawn.
A “kill the man with the ball” objective mode (in free-for-all or team scenarios) where players must find and maintain possession of the titular Oddball to score points. They earn points over time by having one player hold onto the ball. Players who hold an Oddball cannot use weapons or equipment, but they can melee enemies for bonus melee damage.
In addition to allowing multiple Balls, changing traits of ball carriers (and non-ball carriers), and whether or not the Ball spawns in a random location, this mode can be used without the Ball so that players instead gain points by being specially “marked” (which they get by killing another marked player, or by killing anyone if nobody is marked).
By default, Oddball variants include a 5 second base respawn timer (with a +5 second penalty for suicides). In addition, players who are able to score points have a hindered movement speed. All vehicles are disabled.
A “king of the hill” objective mode (in free-for-all or team scenarios) where players/teams must maintain possession of a marked area (known as the “Hill”) to score points. They earn points over time by keeping their position inside the Hill’s specially-marked boundary.
By default, King of the Hill variants include a 5 second base respawn timer (with a +5 second penalty for suicides) In addition, the Hill remains at the same location throughout the match and has a waypoint marked over it at all times. Warthogs are the only vehicles that spawn and cannot respawn.
A two-team “capture the flag” objective mode where teams must take possession of an enemy flag and bring it back to their flag zone to score points. Similar to Oddball, players who hold an enemy flag cannot use weapons, but they can melee enemies for bonus melee damage.
By default, Capture the Flag variants include a 10 second base respawn timer (with a +5 second penalty for suicides). Warthogs are the only vehicles that spawn and cannot respawn.
An objective mode (in free-for-all or team scenarios) where players/teams must move towards a series of flags scattered throughout the battlefield (in order to score “laps”).
By default, Race variants include an instant respawn timer (with a +10 second penalty for suicides). Warthogs are the only vehicles that spawn and cannot respawn.
The plot of Halo: Combat Evolved begins in the year 2525. Humans, under the United Nations Space Command ( UNSC) have harnessed faster-than-light “Slipspace” travel and have colonized hundreds of planets in solar systems across the galaxy. During the Human expansion, they encounter an alliance of alien species, called the Covenant, who are inexplicably intent on the complete eradication of Humankind from the galaxy. Fortunately, the UNSC had previously created a supersoldier program to deal with terrorists, labelling the genetically-modified subjects ” Spartans,” and equipping the super soldiers with a suit of power armour made of the most cutting edge technology available, that was soon made even more formidable with the addition of energy shields based on stolen Covenant technology.
In August of 2552, the Covenant find the planet Reach, a major Human military stronghold, the second-most well protected planet after Earth herself, and assault the planet with a massive fleet. Reach falls, and most of the Spartans are lost in the battle. One, however, Master Chief Petty Officer John-117, commonly known as simply ” the Master Chief,” escapes aboard the UNSC Pillar of Autumn, a Halcyon-class battlecruiser, that flees into Slipspace away from Reach at a supposedly random vector. The Pillar of Autumn falls out of Slipspace several weeks later in an unknown quadrant of space, unable to contact any other UNSC forces. There, they find a massive artificial installation, shaped like a perfectly round ring, orbiting a gas giant. Cortana, the ship’s onboard AI, notes to Captain Jacob Keyes that the ring’s inner concave features a terraformed landscape similar to most terrestrial planets, and even has atmosphere and gravity levels comparable to that of Earth.
Within moments of exiting Slipspace and finding the ring, the Pillar of Autumn is located by a Covenant starship, which was already in the vicinity of the ringworld when they arrived. The Covenant, however, withhold bombarding the Autumn with plasma weapons so close to the ring, and instead deploy infantry to board the cruiser. Just before the Covenant’s arrival on-board, the Master Chief is awakened from cryo-sleep, from which he makes his way to the bridge, where Captain Keyes gives him his pistol. Keyes’s plan is to crash-land the Autumn on the habitable ringworld. Before leaving, the Master Chief takes the chip that contains Cortana and inserts the chip into his MJOLNIR suit in order to prevent her from falling into Covenant hands. Together, the Master Chief and Cortana make their way through the quickly-deteriorating Autumn, toward the ship’s escape pods, where the remaining marines on-board have prepared for evacuation. The Master Chief enters a escape pod, and it jettisons from the Pillar of Autumn as the cruiser careens into the atmosphere of the ring.
The Master Chief’s escape pod crash-lands onto the ring, killing all the marines within and knocking the Master Chief unconscious. After regaining consciousness, the Master Chief learns that other pods have landed safely within the vicinity and Cortana intercepts Covenant chatter revealing that the Covenant have seized the wreckage of the Autumn and have captured Captain Keyes himself, holding him prisoner aboard the Covenant ship Truth and Reconciliation. Collecting what is left of the UNSC Marines, the Master Chief, Sergeant Avery Johnson, and dropship pilot Carol Rawley (known in-game by her callsign “Foe Hammer”) make a push for the Truth and Reconciliation, where they plan to rescue Keyes from capture. Upon meeting up with him again, Captain Keyes reveals that he has learned through eavesdropping on his captor’s conversations that the Covenant call the ringworld ” Halo,” and that they deem it not only as a religious relic, but as a powerful superweapon, one with enough influence to give its manipulator the power to control the galaxy. Cortana remarks she had intercepted several transmissions referring to a “control room,” and that she assumed the Covenant were looking for a control room to a cruiser damaged in the battle above the ring. Instead, the Covenant are actually looking for Halo’s control center. Cortana believes that the Humans can get there first if she can interface with a local mapping station referred to by the Covenant as the “Silent Cartographer”.
Committed to stopping the Covenant before they find the Control Room, and reinvigorated after the successful invasion of the Truth and Reconciliation, the marines on Halo begin a large-scale assault for the Silent Cartographer. In the meantime, Keyes gains information regarding the location of a large Covenant weapons cache. Believing he and a group of marines led by Sergeant Johnson can seize the cache, he leaves to make his way there, without the Master Chief, who is sent to find and operate the Silent Cartographer. The Chief is successful in this mission, and learns the location of the Control Room, as Keyes and Johnson close in on the weapons cache, deep inside a dense jungle several hundred miles away from the Cartographer island.
Foe Hammer brings the Master Chief and Cortana as close as she can to the Control Room, where the Master Chief makes a push through heavy Covenant resistance–the heaviest yet seen on Halo–for the Control Room, which is a vast chamber with a holographic Halo rotating around the perimeter and central platform. Upon reaching the Control Room (and locking the Covenant out of it), the Master Chief removes Cortana’s chip and uploads her into the terminal. She exclaims that the wealth of information is nearly intoxicating, even for an AI like herself, and mentions that an ancient alien race called the Forerunners built an array of Halos just like this one, millions of years ago. And as she uncovers this information, she stops abruptly. Horrified by something unknown to the Master Chief, she orders him to find Keyes and to stop him from opening the weapons cache “before it is too late.”
Leaving Cortana in the locked Control Room, the Master Chief and Foe Hammer hurry for the jungle. Once in the jungle, beneath the fog and foliage canopy, the Chief finds corpses of Covenant soldiers– Grunts, Jackals, and even Elites–and an abandoned Pelican dropship playing a looping distress message. Traversing the jungle, the Master Chief finds a facility nestled into the side of a bluff–the cache Keyes came to find. Inside the facility, the Chief finds little trace of Captain Keyes, Johnson, or the marines amongst the scattered and panicked Covenant troops and Covenant corpses, but finds massive amounts of alien blood splattering the walls, far more than would be created by being shot by Human weapons. Later, he comes across a single marine who appears to have lost his mind, shooting at anything that moves and telling “those things” to stay away from him, and that he won’t let them get him. Deep within the facility, the Master Chief finds a heavy blast door locked from the outside by a UNSC tech-lock. Activating it, the Master Chief opens the door and finds a marine corpse slumped against the door. Another marine’s helmet lies nearby on the ground, next to a large pool of blood. The Master Chief links up with the video feed from the missing marine’s helmet, which shows Keyes and Johnson investigating the cache before being ambushed by a new, unidentified non-Covenant alien species. The video feed shows Keyes’s group completely overrun by the pulpy creatures before the video ends abruptly, citing the marine’s death as the cause for disruption.
Moments after viewing the feed, the Master Chief is ambushed by a massive swarm of the small, pulpy aliens, now accompanied by larger Combat Forms. The Combat Forms resemble–and, indeed, are–rotting Covenant and Human corpses, now under the control of the smaller Infection Forms. Fighting his way out to the jungle, killing both former enemies and allies now controlled by the parasite, the Master Chief exits the facility on the far side of the bluff, and is assisted by a number of airborne robots of unknown origin, armed with powerful laser weaponry that seems to be perfectly designed to destroy the mutated creatures. The leader of the robots (which are known as Sentinels) teleports the Master Chief to a raised position atop a gigantic tower, and introduces himself as 343 Guilty Spark, the Monitor of Installation Zero-Four (the Forerunner term for this specific Halo, as there are seven total). Spark exclaims that someone–the Covenant, who he calls an impatient and overzealous group of aliens–has released the Flood, the parasitic lifeform now rampant upon the soil of Halo. Calling the Master Chief a “Reclaimer,” the Monitor states the only way to stop the Flood is to activate Halo itself, a task for which they require the Index, a Forerunner tech-key located within a tower called the Library.
The Monitor escorts the Master Chief through myriad waves of Flood Combat Forms, commenting that that the Chief’s weapons are highly ineffective against the Flood, and makes several comments regarding the Master Chief’s lack of preparedness for Flood containment protocols. On the way, Guilty Spark mentions that the Flood are contained on Halo for study, and that, in the case that the Flood escape Halo, they would consume all sentient life in the galaxy. Once at the Index, the Monitor absorbs the key’s data, and teleports both himself and the Master Chief back to the Control Room.
When the pair arrive at Halo’s Control Room, Cortana reappears in the terminal just as the Master Chief inserts the Index to activate the ring’s weaponry. She impedes the process and uses her command of the ringworld’s systems to temporarily disable the Monitor. Cortana derides the Master Chief for falling in step with Spark without knowing the full capability of Halo’s power. “Halo doesn’t kill the Flood,” Cortana explains, “it kills their food. Human, Covenant, whatever. We’re all equally edible.”
The Chief questions the Monitor, who seems strangely confused that the Master Chief was ignorant to this knowledge–as though he should have known this before. When Cortana absorbs the Index’s data and is reinserted into the MJOLNIR armor, the Monitor summons a squad of Sentinels to attack the Master Chief, who now fights a war on three fronts–Covenant, Flood, and Sentinels. Cortana and the Master Chief escape, and Cortana–having completely assimilated the vast breadth of Halo’s information–tells the Master Chief that the only way to guarantee Halo cannot be fired, which would trigger the rest of the rings in the array and thus destroy all sentient life in the galaxy, is to destroy it entirely, and that the only way to destroy Halo is to detonate the fusion core inside the wreckage of the Pillar of Autumn, and that the only way to detonate the Autumn’s core is with a special set of passcodes contained in a chip implanted in the brain of Captain Keyes. Therefore, he must be rescued at all costs.
The Master Chief destroys the three generators powering the majority of Halo’s central functions, buying enough time for Cortana to find Keyes before the Monitor can reboot the ring’s arsenal. With that done, she determines that Keyes–alive or dead–is on-board the now Flood-controlled Truth and Reconciliation.
Cortana manages to transport them to the Truth and Reconciliation via a teleportation tactic similar to that which the Monitor uses. Immediately, Keyes, sounding pained and on the verge of death, radios the Master Chief to turn back, to leave Halo by any means possible. The Flood, having completely overrun the ship, gather piles of Covenant corpses in the two largest rooms for some unknown purpose (later entries in the series imply that this was in preparation for the construction of a Gravemind). And as the Chief makes his way toward Keyes, he learns that the Flood are repairing the Truth and Reconciliation, planning to leave Halo in order to consume more sentient life. The Chief finds Keyes, but finds him too late. Keyes is totally consumed by the Flood and has been absorbed into a large, fleshy growth of Flood tissue. Cortana remarks that Keyes wanted them to leave by any means possible, and the Master Chief obliges, punching his hand into the softened skull of the deceased captain, physically removing the chip from within. Black-armored Covenant special operatives arrive on the ship to thwart the Flood threat, and they are distraction enough for the Master Chief to hijack a Covenant Banshee and escape the Truth and Reconciliation.
As the sun rises on Halo, the Master Chief’s Banshee reaches the Autumn, which has already been occupied by Flood and Sentinel forces since the Flood incursion. At the Autumn’s bridge, Cortana uses Keyes’s chip to activate the self-destruct sequence, but it is stopped by the Monitor, who has taken full control of the ship’s remaining functional systems. Although Cortana has finally run out of ideas, the Chief suggests they do it the old fashioned way: damage the fusion core using grenades or rockets, rendering it unstable to the point where detonation becomes inevitable.
The Master Chief fights through waves of Covenant, Flood, and Sentinels, all assaulting each other as well as the lone Spartan, who appears to be one of the only Humans left alive on Halo. After detonating the four reactors, the Chief successfully damages the fusion core and starts the inevitable chain reaction. Foe Hammer, having survived the Flood infection in her Pelican, tells the Master Chief to grab a Warthog from the vehicle depot and meet her at a landing pad just under a kilometer down the length of the ship, where she can extract him and Cortana and escape the destruction of Halo. Driving over Flood forms and dodging Sentinel laser cannons and Covenant plasma fire, the Chief makes it to the landing pad with minutes to spare, but Foe Hammer is ambushed by a pair of Covenant Banshees, and her Pelican crashes and explodes.
With no time to mourn their most recently slain friend, the Master Chief and Cortana make one final charge: a Longsword starfighter is docked at the far end of the ship, and if they can make it there in time, they can use it to escape Halo. Seconds before the Autumn detonates, the Chief boards the Longsword and flees the ring, managing to get to a safe distance just before the nuclear reaction creates a shockwave whose power is enough to shatter Halo entirely, sending massive, concave shards careening through space. The Chief uses the Longsword’s sensors to search the debris field, hoping that other UNSC marines escaped the ring before its destruction. But there is nothing left but dust and echoes.
Cortana states that with Halo and the Covenant fleet destroyed, everything is finished, hinting at a sense of optimism. But the Master Chief, removing his helmet, remarks that the two of them are ” just getting started.”
After the credits, 343 Guilty Spark is seen flying through space amongst the giant scraps of the ring.
The first known iteration of Halo was a real-time strategy game (something that was later achieved by Halo Wars) cited by Bungie to be “basically Myth in a sci-fi universe.” Steve Jobs presented the first public viewing of Halo at MacWorld 1999 during his keynote address. At the time, Halo was going to be a simultaneous Mac and Windows release. Prior to MacWorld Halo had only been viewed behind closed doors by journalists who were required to sign a non-disclosure agreement. At this point Halo was intended to be a third-person-action game, in which a ship crash lands on a ring world and early versions of the Covenant aliens appear simply to loot what they can with the humans forced to resort to guerrilla warfare.
The first official trailer was shown at E3 2000 and was well received. One month later on June 19th 2000 Microsoft announced that it had acquired Bungie Studios; Halo had become an Xbox exclusive. Bungie rewrote the game’s engine and the game became a first person shooter. Playable demos carried mixed reactions up to its release simultaneously with the Xbox on November 15th, 2001.
Halo: Custom Edition is a free expansion that requires a key code from Halo: Combat Evolved to be played. Custom Edition was made by Bungie Studios, which was ported to the PC by Gearbox Software. Halo CE was released by Gearbox as an unsupported version of the original game. However, users do not need to pay to play it, as it is downloadable from selected websites. Halo Custom Edition has the ability to load and play user-created content and maps created with the Halo Editing Kit. Many custom levels have been created by dedicated members of the modding community and have been posted for download at a large number of websites.
Custom Edition’s Halo Editing Kit let people create many things including:
Developed by 343 Industries (in collaboration with Saber for the campaign and Certain Affinity for the multiplayer) and published by Microsoft for the Xbox 360 on November 15, 2011, Halo CE Anniversary was released on the tenth anniversary of the Halo franchise. It is a fully-remastered version of Bungie’s original Halo: Combat Evolved.
While the original gameplay, physics, and controls remain intact, the campaign includes remastered sounds and an updated high-definition graphics engine that can be toggled on-the-fly (using both a dedicated button and Kinect voice recognition). Kinect voice recognition can also be used to give in-combat directives and scan the environment for a unique Halo encyclopedia. The game also includes new extras, such as achievements, Xbox Live co-operative multiplayer, collectible “skulls” (which modify gameplay when activated), and hidden terminals that provide plot information for Halo 4.
The game also includes a restricted version of the multiplayer portion of Bungie’s Halo: Reach, featuring six remakes of classic Halo maps (Beaver Creek, Damnation, Hang ‘Em High, Prisoner, and Timberlandfrom Halo: Combat Evolved, and Headlong from Halo 2) and one unique Firefight map (with architecture resembling the levels of Halo: Combat Evolved). New copies of the game also included a redeemable marketplace code so that players of Halo: Reach could download the maps for free (where other players must purchase the Anniversary Map Pack for 1200 msp, or $15).
Players who pre-ordered the game received two bonuses: a Dress-Up item for their avatar that resembles the Master Chief, and a special game-modifying Skull (titled the Grunt Funeral Skull) that causes killed Grunts to violently explode with the force of a Plasma Grenade).
Marty O’Donnell & Michael Salvatori created the soundtrack for Halo. The soundtrack was released on CD shortly after the release of the game.
|Track #||Song Title||Running Time|
|2.||Truth and Reconciliation Suite||8:25|
|3.||Brothers in Arms||1:29|
|4.||Enough Dead Heroes||3:00|
|6.||A Walk in the Woods||1:52|
|8.||The Gun Pointed at the Head of the Universe||2:26|
|10.||Under Cover of Night||3:41|
|11.||What Once Was Lost||1:40|
|12.||Lament for Pvt. Jenkins||1:14|
|16.||Rock Anthem for Saving the World||1:17|
|19.||On a Pale Horse||1:35|
|20.||Perchance to Dream||1:00|
|22.||The Long Run||2:12|
|25.||Dust and Echoes||2:49|